The Bangkok Declaration
united the ASEAN member countries in a joint effort to promote
economic cooperation and welfare of the people in the region.
The Bangkok Declaration set out guidelines for ASEAN’s
activities and defined the aims of the organization. The ASEAN
nations came together with three main objectives in mind:
to promote the economic; social and cultural development of
the region through comparative programs; to safeguard the
political and economic stability of the region against big
power rivalry; and to serve as a forum for the resolution
of the intr-regional differences.
The First Summit
Meeting was held in Bali, Indonesia in February 1976, during
which, the five Member Countries signed the Treaty of Amity
and Cooperation in the Southeast Asia and the Declaration
of ASEAN Concord. Both documents signified ASEAN’s aims
towards ensuring regional peace and stability to foster economic
and social growth and enhancing the need for cooperation with
all peace-loving nations. At this meeting, a small permanent
secretariat was also established in Jakarta to provide administrative
support and to help in coordination of ASEAN activities.
The Second Summit
Meeting was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 1997
to commemorate the Tenth Anniversary of ASEAN and to assess
the progress in the implementation of the decisions taken
at the Bali Summit.
The Third Summit
Meeting took place in Manila, Philippines in December 1987.
The trust of this Summit was on economic cooperation. The
Member Countries signed the Manila Declaration and set up
the ASEAN Plan of Action. The protocol Amending the Treaty
of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia was also signed
to enable countries outside the ASEAN region to accede to
The Fourth Summit
was held in Singapore in January 1992. The ASEAN heads of
Government signed the Singapore Declaration of 1992 and the
Framework Agreement on Enhancing ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)
within 15 years. Member Countries also signed the Agreement
on the Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) Scheme
which is the main instrument to established AFTA and enlarged
the functions of the ASEAN Secretariat to carry out its new
The Fifth Summit was held in
Bangkok, Thailand in December 1995.
ASEAN: An Overview
Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, (1995)